3.Read the source given below andthe questions that follows: 4 Other


3.Read the source given below and answer the questions that follows: 4
Other Romantics such as the German philosopher Johann Gottfried Herder (1744-1803)
claimed that true German culture was to be discovered among the common people – das
volk. It was through folk songs, folk poetry and folk dances that the true spirit of the nation
(volksgeist) was popularised. So collecting and recording these forms of folk culture was
essential to the project of nation-building.
The emphasis on vernacular language and the collection of local folklore was not just to
recover an ancient national spirit, but also to carry the modern nationalist message to large
audiences who were mostly illiterate. This was especially so in the case of Poland, which had
been partitioned at the end of the eighteenth century by the Great Powers – Russia, Prussia
and Austria. Even though Poland no longer existed as an independent territory, national
feelings were kept alive through music and language. Karol Kurpinski, for example, celebrated
the national struggle through his operas and music, turning folk dances like the polonaise and
mazurka into nationalist symbols.
Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option
23.1 Which of the following statements most appropriately describes the reason for
collecting folk culture?
(1)
A. It would preserve dance forms.
B. It would contribute to literacy development.
C. It was essential for the development of nationalism.
D. It was essential for the development of liberalism.
23.2 Identify what Romantics like Herder concentrated upon to develop nationalism? (1)
A. Science and experimentation.
B. Logic and reasoning.
C. Culture of the common people.
D. None of the above.
23.3 Identify the purpose why Karol Kurpunski turned folk dance into nationalist symbol? (1)
A. To promote nationalism in Germany.
B. To promote nationalism in France
C. To promote nationalism in Poland
D. To promote nationalism in Russia
23.4 Identify the most appropriate reason for emphasizing on vernacular language by the
Romantics (1)
A. To promote nationalism amongst large audiences who were mostly illiterate.
B. To promote nationalism amongst the poorer sections of society.
C. To promote nationalism amongst the educated sections of society.
D. To promote nationalism amongst the richer sections of society.


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