Consider two neighboring island countries called Euphoria and Contente. They each have 4 million labor hours available per month that


Consider two neighboring island countries called Euphoria and Contente. They each have 4 million labor hours available per month that they can use to produce rye, jeans, or a combination of both. The following table shows the amount of rye or jeans that can be produced using 1 hour of labor.
Country Rye Jeans
(Bushels per hour of labor) (Pairs per hour of labor)
Euphoria 5 20
Contente 8 16
Initially, suppose Contente uses 1 million hours of labor per week to produce rye and 3 million hours per week to produce jeans, while Euphoria uses 3 million hours of labor per week to produce rye and 1 million hours per week to produce jeans. Consequently, Euphoria produces 15 million bushels of rye and 20 million pairs of jeans, and Contente produces 8 million bushels of rye and 48 million pairs of jeans. Assume there are no other countries willing to trade goods, so, in the absence of trade between these two countries, each country consumes the amount of rye and jeans it produces.
Euphoria’s opportunity cost of producing 1 bushel of rye is of jeans, and Contente’s opportunity cost of producing 1 bushel of rye isof jeans. Therefore ,has a comparative advantage in the production of rye, andhas a comparative advantage in the production of jeans.


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